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D1.A.5.2 Axial Compression

The Design Compressive Strength (LRFD), ϕc×Pn , and the Allowable Compressive Strength (ASD), Pnc , are calculated by the program.

The Nominal Compressive Strength, Pn, shall be the minimum value obtained according to the Limit States of:
  • Flexural Buckling,
  • Torsional Buckling, and
  • Flexural-Torsional Buckling.

The Nominal Compressive Strength, Pn, for a particular member is calculated by STAAD.Pro according to the procedure outlined in Chapter E, section E3 to E5, of the unified code specifications. For slender elements, the procedure described in section E7 is used.

Effective length for calculation of compression resistance may be provided through the use of the parameters KY and KZ. If not provided, the entire member length will be taken into consideration.

In addition to the compression resistance criterion, compression members are required to satisfy slenderness limitations which are a function of the nature of use of the member (main load resisting component, bracing member, etc.). In both the member selection and code checking process, STAAD.Pro immediately does a slenderness check on appropriate members before continuing with other procedures for determining the adequacy of a given member.