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D10.B.6 Axial Compression

The column strength equations take into account inelastic deformation and other recent research in column behavior. Two equations governing column strength are available, one for inelastic buckling and the other for elastic or Euler buckling. Both equations include the effects of residual stresses and initial out-of-straightness. Compression strength for a particular member is calculated by STAAD.Pro according to the procedure outlined in Section 3.2 of the NTC. For slender elements, the procedure described in Section 2.3.6.NTC is also used.

The procedures of Section 3.2 of the Commentaries, design helps and examples of the Complementary Technical Standards for the Design and Construction of Steel Structures (de los Comentarios, ayudas de diseño y ejemplos de las Normas Técnicas Complementarias para el Diseño y Construcción de Estructuras Metálicas, DDF (Comentarios - Julio 1993) were implemented for the determination of design strength for these limit states.

Effective length for calculation of compression resistance may be provided through the use of the parameters KY, KZ and/or LY, LZ. If not provided, the entire member length will be taken into consideration.

In addition to the compression resistance criterion, compression members are required to satisfy slenderness limitations which are a function of the nature of use of the member (main load resisting component, bracing member, etc.). In both the member selection and code checking process, STAAD.Pro immediately does a slenderness check on appropriate members before continuing with other procedures for determining the adequacy of a given member.