TR.32.10.1.3 Response Spectrum Specification per NRC 2010
General Format
SPECTRUM combmethod NRC 2010 ( TORSION (DECCENTRICITY f20) (ECCENTRICITY f21) ) *{ X f1  Y f2 Z f3} { ACCELERARTION  DISCPLACEMENT } ( SCALE f4)
{ DAMP f5 CDAMP  MDAMP } ( {LINEAR  LOGARITHMIC } ) (MISSSING f6) (ZPA f7) ({ DOMINANT f10 SIGN }) (SAVE) (IMR f11) (STARTCASE f12)
The command is completed with the following spectrum data which must be started on a new line:
{ p1 v1; p2 v2; p3 v3; … pn vn  FILE filename }
Parameter  Default Value  Description 

DECCENTRICITY f20  1.0  Factor to be multiplied with static eccentricity (i.e., eccentricity between center of mass and center of rigidity). 
ECCENTRICITY f21  0.05  Factor for accidental eccentricity. Positive values indicate clockwise torsion and negative values indicate counterclockwise torsion. 
X f1, Y f2, Z f3  0.0  Factors for the input spectrum to be applied in X, Y, & Z directions. Any one or all directions can be input. Directions not provided will default to zero. 
SCALE f4  1.0  Linear scale factor by which the spectra data will be multiplied. Usually used to factor g’s to length/sec^{2} units. This input is the appropriate value of acceleration due to gravity in the current unit system (thus, 9.81 m/s^{2} or 32.2 ft/s^{2}). 
DAMP f5  0.05 
The damping ratio.
Specify a value of exactly 0.0000011 to ignore damping.

MISSING f6 
Optional parameter to use "Missing Mass" method. The static effect of the masses not represented in the modes is included. The spectral acceleration for this missing mass mode is the f6value entered in length/sec^{2} (this value is not multiplied by SCALE). If f6is zero, then the spectral acceleration at the ZPA f7frequency is used. If f7is zero or not entered, the spectral acceleration at 33Hz (Zero Period Acceleration, ZPA) is used. The results of this calculation are SRSSed with the modal combination results. 

ZPA f7  33 [Hz]  The zero period acceleration value for use with MISSING option only. Defaults to 33 Hz if not entered. The value is printed but not used if MISSING f6 is entered. 
DOMINANT f10  1 (1st Mode)  The dominant mode method. All results will have the same sign as mode number f10 alone would have if it were excited then the scaled results were used as a static displacements result. Defaults to mode 1 if no value entered. If a 0 value entered, then the mode with the greatest % participation in the excitation direction will be used (only one direction factor may be nonzero). 
IMR f11  1  The number of individual modal responses (scaled modes) to be copied into load cases. Defaults to one. If greater than the actual number of modes extracted (NM), then it will be reset to NM. Modes one through f11 will be used. Missing Mass modes are not output. 
STARTCASE f12  Highest Load Case No. + 1  The primary load case number of mode 1 in the IMR parameter. Defaults to the highest load case number used so far plus one. If f12 is not higher than all prior load case numbers, then the default will be used. For modes 2 through NM, the load case number is the prior case number plus one. 
combmethod = { SRSS  ABS  CQC  ASCE  TEN  CSM  GRP } are methods of combining the responses from each mode into a total response.
The CQC and ASCE498 methods require damping. ABS, SRSS, CRM, GRP, and TEN methods do not use damping unless spectraperiod curves are made a function of damping (see File option below). CQC, ASCE, CRM, GRP, and TEN include the effect of response magnification due to closely spaced modal frequencies. ASCE includes more algebraic summation of higher modes. ASCE and CQC are more sophisticated and realistic methods and are recommended.
 SRSS
 Square Root of Summation of Squares method.
 ABS
 Absolute sum. This method is very conservative and represents a worst case combination.
 CQC
 Complete Quadratic Combination method (Default). This method is recommended for closely spaced modes instead of SRSS.
 ASCE
 NRC Regulatory Guide Rev. 2 (2006) Gupta method for modal combinations and Rigid/Periodic parts of modes are used. The ASCE498 definitions are used where there is no conflict. ASCE498 Eq. 3.221 (modified Rosenblueth) is used for close mode interaction of the damped periodic portion of the modes.
 TEN
 Ten Percent Method of combining closely spaced modes. NRC Reg. Guide 1.92 (Rev. 1.2.2, 1976).
 CSM
 Closely Spaced Method as per IS:1893 (Part 1)2002 procedures.
 GRP
 Closely Spaced Modes Grouping Method. NRC Reg. Guide 1.92 (Rev. 1.2.1, 1976).
 TORSION
 indicates that the torsional moment (in the horizontal plane) arising due to
eccentricity between the center of mass and center of rigidity needs to be
considered. See
Inherent
and Accidental Torsion for additional information.
Lateral shears at story levels are calculated in global X and Z directions. For global Y direction the effect of torsion will not be considered.
 ACCELERATION or DISPLACEMENT
 DAMP, MDAMP, and CDAMP
 select source of damping input:
 DAMP indicates to use the f2 value for all modes
 MDAMP indicates to use the damping entered or computed with the DEFINE DAMP command if entered, otherwise default value of 0.05 will be used
 CDAMP indicates to use the composite damping of the structure calculated for each mode. You must specify damping for different materials under the CONSTANT specification
 LINEAR or LOGARITHMIC
 Select Linear or Logarithmic interpolation of the
input Spectra versus Period curves for determining the spectra value for a mode
given its period. Linear is the default. Since Spectra versus Period curves are often
linear only on LogLog scales, the logarithmic interpolation is recommended in
such cases; especially if only a few points are entered in the spectra curve.
When FILE filename is entered, the interpolation along the damping axis will be linear.
 SIGN
 This option results in the creation of signed values for all results. The sum of squares of positive values from the modes are compared to sum of squares of negative values from the modes. If the negative values are larger, the result is given a negative sign. This command is ignored for ABS option.
 SAVE
 This option results in the creation of a acceleration data file (with the model file name and an .acc file extension) containing the joint accelerations in g’s and radians/sec^{2}. These files are plain text and may be opened and viewed with any text editor (e.g., Notepad).
Individual Modal Response Case Generation
Individual modal response (IMR) cases are simply the mode shape scaled to the magnitude that the mode has in this spectrum analysis case before it is combined with other modes. If the IMR parameter is entered, then STAAD.Pro will create load cases for the first specified number of modes for this response spectrum case (i.e., if five is specified then five load cases are generated, one for each of the first five modes). Each case will be created in a form like any other primary load case.
The results from an IMR case can be viewed graphically or through the print facilities. Each mode can therefore be assessed as to its significance to the results in various portions of the structure. Perhaps one or two modes could be used to design one area/floor and others elsewhere.
You can use subsequent load cases with TR.32.11 Repeat Load Specification combinations of these scaled modes and the static live and dead loads to form results that are all with internally consistent signs (unlike the usual response spectrum solutions). The modal applied loads vector will be omega squared times mass times the scaled mode shape. Reactions will be applied loads minus stiffness matrix times the scaled mode shape.
With the Repeat Load capability, you can combine the modal applied loads vector with the static loadings and solve statically with PDelta or tension only.
TR.32.10.1.1 Response Spectrum Specification  Custom for additional details on IMR load case generation.
Inherent and Accidental Torsion
In response spectrum analysis all the response quantities (i.e., joint displacements, member forces, support reactions, plate stresses, etc.) are calculated for each mode of vibration considered in the analysis. These response quantities from each mode are combined using a modal combination method (either by CQC, SRSS, ABS, TEN PERCENT, etc.) to produce a single positive result for the given direction of acceleration. This computed result represents a maximum magnitude of the response quantity that is likely to occur during seismic loading. The actual response is expected to vary from a range of negative to positive value of this maximum computed quantity.
No information is available from response spectrum analysis as to when this maximum value occurs during the seismic loading and what will be the value of other response quantities at that time. As for example, consider two joints J2 and J3 whose maximum joint displacement in global X direction come out to be X1 and X2 respectively. This implies that during seismic loading joint J1 will have X direction displacement that is expected to vary from X1 to +X1 and that for joint J2 from X2 to +X2. However, this does not necessarily mean that the point of time at which the X displacement of joint J1 is X1, the X displacement of joint J2 will also be X2.
For the reason stated above, torsional moment at each floor arising due to dynamic eccentricity along with accidental eccentricity (if any) is calculated for each mode. Lateral story shear from this torsion is calculated forming global load vectors for each mode. Static analysis is carried out with this global load vector to produce global joint displacement vectors for each mode due to torsion. These joint displacements from torsion for each mode are algebraically added to the global joint displacement vectors from response spectrum analysis for each mode. The final joint displacements from response spectrum along with torsion for all modes are combined using specified modal combination method to get final maximum possible joint displacements. Refer to the steps explained below.
Steps
For each mode following steps are performed to include Torsion provision.
 Lateral story force at each floor is calculated.

At each floor design eccentricity is calculated.
Thus, design eccentricity e_{di} = f20×e_{si} + f12×b_{i} where f20 = 1.0 and f21 = (±) 0.05
where e_{si}
=  static eccentricity between center of mass and center of rigidity at floor i
 b_{i}
=  floor plan dimension in the direction of earthquake loading

Torsional moment is calculated at each floor.
M_{ik} = Q_{ik} × e_{di} at floor i for mode k
 The lateral nodal forces corresponding to torsional moment are calculated at each floor. These forces represent the additional story shear due to torsion.
 Static analysis of the structure is performed with these nodal forces.
 The analysis results (i.e., member force, joint displacement, support reaction, etc) from torsion are algebraically added to the corresponding modal response quantities from response spectrum analysis.
 Steps 1 through 6 are performed for all modes considered and missing mass correction (if any). Finally, the peak response quantities from the different modal responses are combined as per the specified combination method (e.g., SRSS, CQC, TEN, etc.)
Dynamic Eccentricity
 the rotational component of ground motion about the vertical axis,
 the difference between computed and actual values of the mass, stiffness, or strength, and
 uneven live mass distribution.
e_{di} = DEC×e_{si} + ECC×b_{i} 
=  
=  
= 
Example
This example input file demonstrates a seismic load using the equivalent force method and a seismic response spectrum analysis per NRC 2010.
STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR NRC LOAD
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 15Jan16
END JOB INFORMATION
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 3.5 0 0; 3 7 0 0; 4 13.5 0 0; 5 0 0 3.5; 6 3.5 0 3.5;
7 7 0 3.5; 8 13.5 0 3.5; 9 0 0 7; 10 3.5 0 7; 11 7 0 7; 12 13.5 0 7;
13 0 0 12.5; 14 3.5 0 12.5; 15 7 0 12.5; 16 13.5 0 12.5; 17 0 3.5 0;
18 3.5 3.5 0; 19 7 3.5 0; 20 13.5 3.5 0; 21 0 3.5 3.5; 22 3.5 3.5 3.5;
23 7 3.5 3.5; 24 13.5 3.5 3.5; 25 0 3.5 7; 26 3.5 3.5 7; 27 7 3.5 7;
28 13.5 3.5 7; 29 0 3.5 12.5; 30 3.5 3.5 12.5; 31 7 3.5 12.5;
32 13.5 3.5 12.5; 33 0 7 0; 34 3.5 7 0; 35 7 7 0; 36 13.5 7 0;
37 0 7 3.5; 38 3.5 7 3.5; 39 7 7 3.5; 40 13.5 7 3.5; 41 0 7 7;
42 3.5 7 7; 43 7 7 7; 44 13.5 7 7; 45 0 7 12.5; 46 3.5 7 12.5;
47 7 7 12.5; 48 13.5 7 12.5; 49 0 10.5 0; 50 3.5 10.5 0; 51 7 10.5 0;
52 13.5 10.5 0; 53 0 10.5 3.5; 54 3.5 10.5 3.5; 55 7 10.5 3.5;
56 13.5 10.5 3.5; 57 0 10.5 7; 58 3.5 10.5 7; 59 7 10.5 7;
60 13.5 10.5 7; 61 0 10.5 10.5; 62 3.5 10.5 10.5; 63 7 10.5 10.5;
64 13.5 10.5 10.5;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
101 17 18; 102 18 19; 103 19 20; 104 21 22; 105 22 23; 106 23 24;
107 25 26; 108 26 27; 109 27 28; 110 29 30; 111 30 31; 112 31 32;
113 33 34; 114 34 35; 115 35 36; 116 37 38; 117 38 39; 118 39 40;
119 41 42; 120 42 43; 121 43 44; 122 45 46; 123 46 47; 124 47 48;
125 49 50; 126 50 51; 127 51 52; 128 53 54; 129 54 55; 130 55 56;
131 57 58; 132 58 59; 133 59 60; 134 61 62; 135 62 63; 136 63 64;
201 17 21; 202 18 22; 203 19 23; 204 20 24; 205 21 25; 206 22 26;
207 23 27; 208 24 28; 209 25 29; 210 26 30; 211 27 31; 212 28 32;
213 33 37; 214 34 38; 215 35 39; 216 36 40; 217 37 41; 218 38 42;
219 39 43; 220 40 44; 221 41 45; 222 42 46; 223 43 47; 224 44 48;
225 49 53; 226 50 54; 227 51 55; 228 52 56; 229 53 57; 230 54 58;
231 55 59; 232 56 60; 233 57 61; 234 58 62; 235 59 63; 236 60 64;
301 1 17; 302 2 18; 303 3 19; 304 4 20; 305 5 21; 306 6 22; 307 7 23;
308 8 24; 309 9 25; 310 10 26; 311 11 27; 312 12 28; 313 13 29;
314 14 30; 315 15 31; 316 16 32; 317 17 33; 318 18 34; 319 19 35;
320 20 36; 321 21 37; 322 22 38; 323 23 39; 324 24 40; 325 25 41;
326 26 42; 327 27 43; 328 28 44; 329 29 45; 330 30 46; 331 31 47;
332 32 48; 333 33 49; 334 34 50; 335 35 51; 336 36 52; 337 37 53;
338 38 54; 339 39 55; 340 40 56; 341 41 57; 342 42 58; 343 43 59;
344 44 60; 345 45 61; 346 46 62; 347 47 63; 348 48 64;
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_B1 301 TO 303 305 TO 307 309 TO 311 317 TO 319 321 TO 323 325 TO 327 
333 TO 335 337 TO 339 341 TO 343 345 TO 347
END GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER PROPERTY CANADIAN
101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 0.4 ZD 0.3
301 TO 303 305 TO 307 309 TO 311 317 TO 319 321 TO 323 325 TO 327 333 
334 TO 335 337 TO 339 341 TO 343 345 TO 347 TABLE ST W460X52
304 308 312 TO 316 320 324 328 TO 332 336 340 344 348 TABLE ST W530X85
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC MATERIAL1
E 2.5e+007
POISSON 0.17
DENSITY 24
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+008
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.8195
ALPHA 1.2e005
DAMP 0.03
TYPE STEEL
STRENGTH FY 253200 FU 407800 RY 1.5 RT 1.2
ISOTROPIC CONCRETE
E 2.17185e+007
POISSON 0.17
DENSITY 23.5616
ALPHA 1e005
DAMP 0.05
TYPE CONCRETE
STRENGTH FCU 27579
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL MATERIAL1 MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236
MATERIAL STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348
SUPPORTS
1 TO 16 FIXED
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 10
DEFINE REFERENCE LOADS
LOAD R1 LOADTYPE Mass
SELFWEIGHT X 1
SELFWEIGHT Y 1
SELFWEIGHT Z 1
JOINT LOAD
17 TO 48 FX 7
49 TO 64 FX 3.5
17 TO 48 FY 7
49 TO 64 FY 3.5
17 TO 48 FZ 7
49 TO 64 FZ 3.5
END DEFINE REFERENCE LOADS
FLOOR DIAPHRAGM
DIA 1 TYPE RIG HEI 3.5
DIA 2 TYPE RIG HEI 7
DIA 3 TYPE RIG HEI 10.5
*** Equivelant Lateral Force Definition ***
DEFINE NRC 2010 LOAD
SA1 0.28 SA2 0.17 SA3 0.11 SA4 0.063 I 1.3 SCL 3 MVX 1.2 MVZ 1.2 
RDX 1.4 RDZ 3 ROX 1.5 ROZ 1.5 STX 3 STZ 4 MD 1
*****************************************************
*** XDIRECTION
LOAD 1 FX+TX
NRC LOAD X 1 DEC 1 ACC 0.1
LOAD 2 FXTX
NRC LOAD X 1 DEC 1 ACC 0.1
LOAD 3 FXTX
NRC LOAD X 1 DEC 1 ACC 0.1
LOAD 4 FX+TX
NRC LOAD X 1 DEC 1 ACC 0.1
*** ZDIRECTION
LOAD 5 FZ+TZ
NRC LOAD Z 1 DEC 1 ACC 0.1
LOAD 6 FZTZ
NRC LOAD Z 1 DEC 1 ACC 0.1
LOAD 7 FZTZ
NRC LOAD Z 1 DEC 1 ACC 0.1
LOAD 8 FZ+TZ
NRC LOAD Z 1 DEC 1 ACC 0.1
*****************************************************
**** RESPONSE SPECTRUM ****
*** XDIRECTION
LOAD 9
SPECTRUM CQC NRC 2010 TOR X 1 ACC DAMP 0.05
0.03 1; 0.05 1.35; 0.1 1.95; 0.2 2.8; 0.5 2.8; 1 1.6;
LOAD 10
*** ZDIRECTION
SPECTRUM CQC NRC 2010 TOR Z 1 ACC DAMP 0.05
0.03 1; 0.05 1.35; 0.1 1.95; 0.2 2.8; 0.5 2.8; 1 1.6;
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION
PRINT DIA CR
FINISH