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D1.C.9 Composite Beam Design per the AISC LRFD 3rd edition code

The design of composite beams per the 3rd edition of the American LRFD code has been implemented. The salient points of this feature are as follows:

Nomenclature of composite beams

Table 1. Composite Beam Design Parameters for AISC-LRFD
Parameter Name Default Value Description
RBH 0.0 in. Rib height for steel form deck.
EFFW Value used in analysis Effective width of the slab.
FPC Value used in analysis Ultimate compressive strength of the concrete slab.

Theoretical Basis

  1. Find the maximum compressive force carried by concrete as:  

    0.85 fc⋅b⋅t

  2. Find the maximum tensile force carried by the steel beam as:  

    As . fy

    Tensile strength of concrete is ignored.

  3. If step 1 produces a higher value than step 2, plastic neutral axis (PNA) is in the slab. Else, it is in the steel beam.  

Location of the Plastic Neutral Axis (PNA) defines the moment capacity:

  • Case 1: PNA in the slab

    Find the depth of the PNA below the top of the slab as:

    0.85fc⋅b⋅a = As⋅fy

    Rearranging terms:

    a = As⋅fy/(0.85fc⋅b)

    Plastic neutral axis in the concrete slab

    Lever arm

    e = d/2 + hr + t - a/2

    Moment Capacity

    φb(As⋅fy)e

  • Case 2: PNA in Steel Beam

    Define:

    • Cs = Compressive force in slab = 0.85fc⋅b⋅t
    • Cb = Compressive force in steel beam
    • Tb = Tensile force in steel beam

    Cs + Cb = Tb

    Since the magnitude of Cb + magnitude of Tb = As⋅fy

    Substituting for Tb as (As⋅fy - Cb) gives:

    Cs+ Cb = As⋅fy - Cb

    Rearranging terms:

    Cb= (As⋅fy - Cs)/2

    Determine whether the PNA is within the top flang of the steel beam or inside the web:

    • Cf = Maximum compressive force carried by the flange = Af⋅fy

    Where:

    • Af = Area of the flange

    If Cf ≥ Cb, the PNA lies within the flange (Case 2A)

    If Cf < Cb, the PNA lies within the web (Case 2B)

  • Case 2A: PNA in Flange of Steel Beam

    Calculate:

    y = Cf/(bf⋅fy)

    Where:

    • bf = width of the flange

    The point of action of the tensile force is the centroid of the steel are below the PNA. After find that point, e1 and e2 can be calculated.

    Plastic neutral axis falls within the top flange

    Moment Capacity

    φb(Cf⋅e1 + Cs⋅e2)

  • Case 2B: PNA in Web of Steel Beam

    Plastic neutral axis falls within the web

    Cw = Compressive force in the web = Cb - Cf

    g = Cw/(tw⋅fy)

    Where:

    • tw = thickness of the web

    The point of action of the tensile force is the centroid of the steel area below the PNA. After finding that point, e1, e2, and e3 can be calculated.

    Moment Capacity

    φb(Cs⋅e2 + Cf⋅e1 + Cw⋅e3)

Utilization Ratio = Applied Moment / Moment Capacity

Notes

  1. Rib Height is the distance from top of flange of steel beam to lower surface of concrete.

  2. If the slab is flush on top of the steel beam, set the Rib Height to zero.

    Steel deck form ribs

  3. For moments which cause tension in the slab (called positive moments in STAAD convention), design of the beam is presently not carried out.

  4. Shear connectors are presently not designed.

  5. Member selection is presently not carried out.

  6. In order to design a member as a composite beam, the member property specification during the analysis phase of the data must contain the “CM” attribute. See TR.20.1 Assigning Properties from Steel Tables for details.

Example

STAAD SPACE
…
MEMBER PROPERTY
1 TA CM W12X26 CT 6.0 FC 4.0 CW 40.0
…
PERFORM ANALYSIS
…
PARAMETER 
CODE LRFD
RBH 5.0 MEMB 1
CHECK CODE MEMB 1
FINISH