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V. CSA S16-14 - Short Column Compression

Determine the factored compressive resistance of a short column.

Reference

Kulak, G.L. and G.Y. Grondin. 2010. Limit States Design in Structural Steel. 9th Edition. Markham, ON:CISC. Example 4.1

Problem

A W250x73 section is used for a pedestal with a height of 1.1 m.

The material used is G40.21 350W steel (Fy = 350 MPa) (FYLD)

Calculations

The nominal yield strength is used for the actual yield strength for a Group 2 section, per Table 3 and Table 4 of Appendix A of the reference.

Local Element Buckling

Evaluate the slenderness effects of the column web:

h w = 225 8.6 = 26.2 < 670 350 = 35.8

Evaluate the slenderness effects of the column flanges:

b 2 t = 254 2 × 14.2 = 8.9 < 200 350 = 10.7

Both the column web and flanges are less than the local buckling limit, so the capacity of the column is evaluated using Eq. 4.21.

Column Capacity

Assume K = 1.0,

L r x = 1 , 100 110 = 10
L r y = 1 , 100 64.6 = 17

The largest slenderness ration controls, thus the slenderness factor for buckling about the minor axis:

λ = ( K L r ) max F y π 2 E = 17 350 π 2 200 , 000 = 0.227

When n = 1.34 (Group 2 W shape),

C r = ϕ A F y ( 1 + λ 2 n ) 1 / n = 0.90 × 9 , 280 × 350 [ 1 + 0.227 ( 2 × 1.34 ) ] 1 / 1.34 = 2.883 × ( 10 ) 6  N = 2 , 883  kN

Comparison

Table 1. Comparison of results
Criteria Reference STAAD.Pro Difference
KL/r, major 10 9.968 negligible
KL/r, minor 17 17.012 negligible
λ, critical 0.227 0.224 1.3%
Cr (kN) 2,883 2,884.358 negligible

STAAD Input

The file C:\Users\Public\Public Documents\STAAD.Pro CONNECT Edition\Samples\ Verification Models\09 Steel Design\Canada\S16 2014\CSA S16-14 - Short Column Compression.STD is typically installed with the program.

STAAD SPACE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 21-Aug-18
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 0 1.1 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+08
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.92
ALPHA 1.2e-05
DAMP 0.03
TYPE STEEL
*STRENGTH FY 350000 FU 450000 RY 1.5 RT 1.2
G 7.692e+07
END DEFINE MATERIAL
MEMBER PROPERTY CANADIAN
*1 TABLE ST L203x203x25
1 TABLE ST W250X73
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL ALL
SUPPORTS
1 FIXED
LOAD 1 LOADTYPE None  TITLE LOAD CASE 1
JOINT LOAD
2 FY -0.001
*2 FY -100
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT MEMBER PROPERTIES ALL
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION ALL
PARAMETER 1
CODE CANADIAN 2014
FYLD 350000 ALL
FU 450000 ALL
TRACK 2 ALL
CHECK CODE ALL
FINISH

STAAD Output

  -------------------- START OF DESIGN OUTPUT OF MEMBER      1 --------------------
  MEMBER NO:     1    CRITICAL RATIO:  0.000(PASS)     LOAD:     1
  LOCATION (MET): 0.00  CONDITION: Cl. 13.8.2    
  SECTION: ST   W250X73                 (CANADIAN SECTIONS)
  UNIT: KN MET
  STRENGTH CHECKS:
  CRITICAL RATIO:  0.000(PASS)     LOAD CASE:     1  LOCATION (MET): 0.00  CONDITION: Cl. 13.8.2    
  DESIGN FORCES:   Fx:      0.00(C)    Fy:     0.00      Fz:      0.00
                   Mx:   0.00E+00      My:  0.00E+00     Mz:   0.00E+00
  UNIT: CM
  SECTION PROPERTIES:       AZZ:      72.136 AYY:      20.537 CW:     552900.312
                            SZZ:     893.281 SYY:     305.512
                            IZZ:   11300.001 IYY:    3880.000
  UNIT: NEW MM
  MATERIAL PROPERTIES:      FYLD:      350.000   FU:      450.000
  ACTUAL MEMBER LENGTH(MET):     1.100
  PARAMETERS:                  KZ:  1.000  KY:  1.000  NSF:  1.000  SLF:  1.000
  SLENDERNESS:   ACTUAL SLENDERNESS RATIO:      17.012  LOAD:     1   LOC.(MET):   0.000
                 ALLOWABLE SLENDERNESS RATIO:  200.000
  SECTION CLASS:
  COMPRESSION:     Class 1     
  FLEXURE      MAJOR          MINOR
  SECTION:    Class 2        Class 2     
  FLANGE:     Class 2        Class 2     
  WEB:               Class 1     
  UNIT: KN MET
  TENSION:        FORCE:    CAPACITY:    RATIO:    CRITERIA:    LOAD CASE:   LOCATION(MET):
  YIELDING:        0.000    2923.200      0.000    Cl. 13.2           1        0.000
  RUPTURE:         0.000    3132.000      0.000    Cl. 13.2           1        0.000
      STAAD SPACE                                              -- PAGE NO.    6
                       STAAD.PRO CODE CHECKING - (          S16-14)   v1.0
                       ********************************************
 ALL UNITS ARE - KN   MET  (UNLESS OTHERWISE Noted)
  COMPRESSION:    FORCE:    CAPACITY:    RATIO:    CRITERIA:    LOAD CASE:   LOCATION(MET):
  MAJOR:           0.001    2913.816      0.000    Cl. 13.3           1        0.000
  MINOR:           0.001    2884.358      0.000    Cl. 13.3           1        0.000
  INTERMEDIATE:   Ag:(CM)     KL/r:     Fe:(N MM)        λ          n:
  MAJOR:          92.800      9.968    20360.980      0.131        1.340
  MINOR:          92.800     17.012     6991.204      0.224        1.340
  SHEAR:          FORCE:    CAPACITY:    RATIO:    CRITERIA:    LOAD CASE:   LOCATION(MET):
  MAJOR:           0.000     452.349      0.000    Cl. 13.4.1.1       1        0.000
  MINOR:           0.000    1363.370      0.000    AISC G2-1          1        0.000
  INTERMEDIATE:   Aw:(CM)    Kv:          Ka:       Fcri:(N MM)  Fcre:(N MM)  Fs:(N MM)
  MAJOR:          20.537    5.552       0.224       489.474      1465.103      231.000
  MINOR:          72.136
  UNIT: KN MET
  YIELDING:       FORCE:    CAPACITY:    RATIO:    CRITERIA:    LOAD CASE:   LOCATION(MET):
  MAJOR:        0.00E+00    3.10E+02      0.000    Cl. 13.5(a)        1        0.000
  MINOR:        0.00E+00    1.46E+02      0.000    Cl. 13.5(a)        1        0.000
  INTERMEDIATE:   Mp:        Se:         My:
  MAJOR:        3.45E+02    0.00E+00    0.00E+00
  MINOR:        1.62E+02    0.00E+00    0.00E+00
  UNIT: KN MET
  LAT TOR BUCK:   FORCE:    CAPACITY:    RATIO:    CRITERIA:    LOAD CASE:   LOCATION(MET):
  MAJOR:        0.00E+00    3.55E+02      0.000    Cl. 13.6(a)(i)     1        0.000
  INTERMEDIATE:  Iyc(CM):   w 2:     w 3:       b x:     Mu:     rt:     Myr:     Lu:     Lyr:
  MAJOR:        0.00E+00  2.50   0.00     0.00   1.98E+04  0.00   0.00E+00  0.00   0.00
  UNIT: KN MET
  INTERACTION:                RATIO:    CRITERIA:    LOAD CASE:   LOCATION(MET):
  FLEXURE AND AXIAL TENSION:
  C/S STRENGTH:                0.000    Cl. 13.9.1         1       0.000
  FLEXURE AND AXIAL COMPRESSION:
  C/S STRENGTH:                0.000    Cl. 13.8.2         1       0.000
  MEMBER STRENGTH:             0.000    Cl. 13.8.2         1       0.000
  LTB STRENGTH:                0.000    Cl. 13.8.2         1       0.000
  FLEX AND SHEAR:              0.000    Cl. 14.6(a)        1       0.000
  BIAXIAL FLEX:                0.000    Cl. 13.8           1       0.000
  INTERMEDIATE:
  FLEXURE AND AXIAL TENSION:
  C/S STRENGTH:   Tf:   0.00E+00  Tr:   2.92E+03  Mfz:   0.00E+00  Mrz:   3.10E+02
      STAAD SPACE                                              -- PAGE NO.    7
                       STAAD.PRO CODE CHECKING - (          S16-14)   v1.0
                       ********************************************
 ALL UNITS ARE - KN   MET  (UNLESS OTHERWISE Noted)
  FLEXURE AND AXIAL COMPRESSION:
             Cf:       Mfz:       Mfy:     Cr:     Mrz:     Mry:     b :    Cez:     Cey:    w 1z:  w 1y: U1z: U1y:
  C/S STR: 1.00E-03  0.00E+00  0.00E+00 2.92E+03 3.10E+02 1.46E+02 0.69 1.89E+05 6.49E+04 0.60 0.60 1.00 1.00
  MEM STR: 1.00E-03  0.00E+00  0.00E+00 2.88E+03 3.10E+02 1.46E+02 0.69 1.89E+05 6.49E+04 0.60 0.60 1.00 1.00
  LTB STR: 1.00E-03  0.00E+00  0.00E+00 2.88E+03 3.10E+02 1.46E+02 0.69 1.89E+05 6.49E+04 0.60 0.60 1.00 1.00
  FLEX SHEAR:  Mfz:   0.00E+00  Mrz:   3.10E+02  Vfy:   0.00E+00  Vry:   4.52E+02
  BIAX FLEX:   Mfz:   0.00E+00  Mrz:   3.10E+02  Mfy:   0.00E+00  Mry:   1.46E+02
  -------------------- END OF DESIGN OUTPUT OF MEMBER      1 --------------------
   ***NOTE:OMEGA1 AND OMEGA2 ARE CALCULATED USING C/S MOMENT OF ANALYTICAL MEMBERS