D1.B.1.1.7 Torsion per Publication T114
To consider stresses due to torsion in the code checking or member selection procedure, specify the parameter TORSION with a value of 1.0. See D1.B.1.2 Design Parameters for more details.
If the user were to request design for torsion, the torsional properties required for calculating the warping normal stresses, warping shear stresses and pure shear stresses are first determined. These depend of the "boundary" conditions that prevail at the ends of the member. These boundary conditions are defined as "Free", "Pinned" or "Fixed". They are explained below:
- represents the boundary condition such as that which exists at the free end of a cantilever beam. It means that there is no other member connected to the beam at that point.
- represents the condition that corresponds to either a pinned support defined at the joint through the Support command or a release of any of the moments at the joint through a Member Release Specification.
- represents the condition where a fixed support exists at the joint. In the absence of a support at that joint, it represents a condition where a rigid frame connection exists between the given member and at least one other member connected to that joint. Also, no member releases should be present at that joint on the given member.
After the boundary conditions are determined, the normal and shear stresses are determined. The guidelines specified in the publication T114 for concentrated torsional moments acting at the ends of the member are used to determine these stresses.
The warping normal stresses are added to the axial stresses caused by axial load. These are then substituted into the interaction equations in Chapter H of the AISC 89 code for determining the ratio. The plane shear and warping shear stresses are added to the shear stresses causes by actual shear forces and compared against the allowable shear stresses on the cross section.
Torsional boundary conditions at a joint where a FIXED BUT type of support is specified
If the end of a the member is declared a FIXED BUT type of support, the torsional boundary conditions at that end are determined in the following manner.
If the member framing into that support does not have any "member releases" specified at that node, then,
If all of the 3 translational degrees of freedom at that support are either free to displace, or have a spring, then, that end of the member is considered torsionally FREE.
45 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 75 KFY 115
In this example, at joint 45, a spring has been specified along KFX and KFY, and, no restraint is provided for translation along global Z. So, the member which has joint 45 as one of its nodes is considered torsionally free at joint 45.
If any of the 3 translational degrees of freedom at that support are restrained, and, any of the moment degrees of freedom are unrestrained or have a spring, then, that end of the member is considered torsionally PINNED.
78 FIXED BUT FX MZ
In this example, joint 78 is prevented from translation along global Y and Z, and free to rotate about global Z. So, the member which has joint 78 as one of its nodes is considered torsionally PINNED at joint 78.
17 FIXED BUT MX MY
In this example, joint 17 is prevented from translation along global X, Y and Z, and free to rotate about global X and Y. So, the member which has joint 17 as one of its nodes is considered torsionally PINNED at joint 17.
85 FIXED BUT FZ MZ KFY 1.0E8 KMX 1.6E6
In this example, the joint is prevented from translation along global X, has a rotational spring for resisting moments about global X and is free to rotate about global Z. So, the member which has joint 85 as one of its nodes is considered torsionally PINNED at joint 85.
This facility is currently available for Wide Flange shapes (W, M & S), Channels, Tee shapes, Pipes and Tubes. It is not available for Single Angles, Double Angles, members with the PRISMATIC property specification, Composite sections (Wide Flanges with concrete slabs or plates on top), or Double Channels. Also, the stresses are calculated based on the rules for concentrated torsional moments acting at the ends of the member.