# V. AISC LRFD - Wide Flange Tension Capacity

To check the adequacy of a W8X24 American section to carry a tensile design load of 245 Kips.

## Reference

Hand calculation using the following reference:

AISC Load Factor Resistance Design, 3rd Edition, Example 3.1, case (a), page 3-5.

## Problem

Assume the reduction in area due to bolt holes to be equivalent to a net section factor of 0.72.

 Fy =50 ksi

 L =10ft

## Hand Calculation

Net section = 0.72(7.08in.2) = 5.11 in.2

$ϕ P n = { ϕ t F y A g = 0.9 ( 50 k s i ) ( 7.08 i n . 2 ) = 318.6 k ϕ t F u A e = 0.75 ( 65 k s i ) ( 5.11 i n . 2 ) = 248.5 k$

## Comparison

The reported STAAD.Pro value is based on the term PNT in the STAAD.Pro output.

Table 1. Comparison of results
Result Type Theory STAAD.Pro Difference
Design strength (kips) 248.5 248.51 none
Note: The assumed NSF of 0.72 is comparable to the term Ae/Ag which evaluates to 5.11/7.08.

The file C:\Users\Public\Public Documents\STAAD.Pro CONNECT Edition\Samples\ Verification Models\09 Steel Design\US\AISC\LRFD 3rd Edition\AISC LRFD - Wide Flange Tension Capacity.STD is typically installed with the program.

STAAD SPACE TENSION CAPACITY PER AISC LRFD 3RD ED
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 23-Sep-18
END JOB INFORMATION
*
*  OBJECTIVE : CHECKING THE DESIGN AXIAL TENSILE STRENGTH OF A
*  W8X24 AMERICAN SECTION. CAPACITY SHOULD BE 245 KIPS ACCORDING TO
*  EXAMPLE 3-1 ON PAGE 3-5 OF 3RD EDITION LRFD CODE.
*
UNIT FEET KIP
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 10 0 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2;
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 TABLE ST W8X24
UNIT INCHES KIP
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC MATERIAL1
E 29000
POISSON 0.3
END DEFINE MATERIAL
UNIT FEET KIP
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL MATERIAL1 ALL
SUPPORTS
1 FIXED
2 FX 245
PERFORM ANALYSIS
UNIT INCHES KIP
PARAMETER 1
CODE LRFD
* NSF = 5.11/7.08 = 0.72
NSF 0.72 ALL
FYLD 50 ALL
FU 65 ALL
TRACK 1 ALL
CHECK CODE ALL
FINISH

STAAD.Pro CODE CHECKING - (LRFD 3RD EDITION)   v1.0
***********************
ALL UNITS ARE - KIP  INCH (UNLESS OTHERWISE Noted)
MEMBER     TABLE       RESULT/   CRITICAL COND/     RATIO/     LOADING/
FX            MY             MZ       LOCATION
=======================================================================
1  ST   W8X24                    (AISC SECTIONS)
PASS     LRFD-H1-1A-T       0.986         1
245.00 T          0.00           0.00        0.00
+---------------------------------------------------------------------+
| DESIGN STRENGTHS FOR MEMBER     1       UNITS - KIP IN              |
| PNC=  200.22  PNT=  248.51  MNZ=  930.59  MNY=  380.08  VN=   52.46 |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------+