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D5.B.6 Design Parameters

Design parameters communicate specific design decisions to the program. They are set to default values to begin with and may be altered to suite the particular structure.

Depending on the model being designed, the user may have to change some or all of the parameter default values. Some parameters are unit dependent and when altered, the new setting must be compatible with the active “unit” specification.

The following table lists all the relevant EC3 parameters together with description and default values.

Table 1. Steel Design Parameters EC3 DD
Parameter Name Default Value Description
CODE Undefined

You must specify EC3 or EUROPE.

Design code to follow. See TR.48.1 Parameter Specifications.


Parameter to control the number of sections to checked along the length of a beam:

  • 0. Check sections with end forces only
  • 1. Check at location of maximum Mz along beam
  • 2. Check sections with end forces and forces at location of BEAM 1.0 check.
  • 3. Check at every 1/13th point along the beam and report the maximum

Refer to Note 2 below.


Member will be considered as a cantilever type member for deflection checks.

0 indicates that member will not be treated as a cantilever member

1 indicates that the member will be treated as a cantilever member

CMM 1.0

Indicates type of loading on member. Valid values range from 1 to 6.

Refer to Table 7B.3 for more information on its use.

CMN 1.0

Indicates the level of End-Restraint.

  • 1.0 = No fixity
  • 0.5 = Full fixity   
  • 0.7 = One end free and other end fixed
DMAX 100.0 cm Maximum allowable depth for the member.
DMIN 0 Minimum required depth for the member.
DFF None (Mandatory for deflection check) Deflection limit
DJ1 Start Joint of member Joint No. denoting starting point for calculation of "Deflection Length".
DJ2 End Joint of member Joint No. denoting end point for calculation of "Deflection Length".
FU   Ultimate tensile strength of steel
GB1 1.1 Partial safety factor used in buckling checks for compression members
GM0 1.1 Corresponds to the Γm0 factor in DD ENV 1993-1-1:1992
GM1 1.1 Corresponds to the Γm1 factor in DD ENV 1993-1-1:1992
GM2 1.1 Corresponds to the Γm2 factor in DD ENV 1993-1-1:1992
KY 1.0 K factor in local y axis.
KZ 1.0 K factor in local z axis.
LEG 0.0

Connection type

Refer to Note 1 below.

LVV Maximum of Lyy and Lzz (Lyy is a term used by BS5950) Buckling length for angle about its principle axis
LY Member Length Compression length in local y axis, Slenderness ratio = (KY)*(LY)/(Ryy)
LZ Member Length Compression length in local z axis, Slenderness ratio = (KZ)*(LZ)/(Rzz)

(Polish NA only) Perform additional checks per Cl. 6.3.3

  • 0. Ignore additional PN EN checks
  • 1. Include additional PN EN checks

Refer to D5.D.8.7 Clause 6.3.3(5) – Interaction factors kyy, kyz, kzy, and kzz

PY Yield Strength The yield strength default value is set based on the default value of the "SGR" parameter.
NSF 1.0 Net tension factor for tension capacity calculation.
RATIO 1 Permissible ratio of loading to capacity.
SBLT 0.0

Indicates if the section is rolled or built-up.

  • 0.0 = Rolled
  • 1.0 = Built-up    
SGR 0.0

Steel grade as per table 3.1 in EC3.

  • 0.0 = Fe 360
  • 1.0 = Fe 430
  • 2.0 = Fe 510      

Controls the level of detail of output.

  • 0 = minimum
  • 1 = intermediate
  • 2 = maximum
  • 4 = perform a deflection check

See note 3 below.

UNF 1.0 Unsupported buckling length as a factor of the beam length
UNL Member Length Unrestraint length of member used in calculating the lateral-torsional resistance moment of the member.
ZIV 0.8 Specifies a reduction factor for vectoral effects to be used in axial tension checks [Cl 5.5.3(2)]


  1. LEG – (Ref: Table 25 BS5950)  

    The slenderness of single and double angle, channel and tee sections are specified in BS 5950 table 25 depending on the connection provided at the end of the member (Refer to section 5B.5(A).2).  To define the appropriate connection, a LEG parameter should be assigned to the member.

    The following table indicates the value of the LEG parameter required to match the BS5950 connection definition:

    Table 2. LEG Parameter values
    Clause Bold Configuration Leg LEG Parameter

    Single Angle

    (a) - 2 bolts short leg 1.0
    long leg 3.0
    (b) - 1 bolts short leg 0.0
    long leg 2.0 Double Angles (a) - 2 bolts short leg 3.0
    long leg 7.0
    (b) - 1 bolts short leg 2.0
    long leg 6.0
    (c) - 2 bolts long leg 1.0
    short leg 5.0
    (d) - 1 bolts long leg 0.0
    short leg 4.0 Channels (a) - 2 or more rows of bolts 1.0
    (b) - 1 row of bolts 0.0 Tee Sections (a) - 2 or more rows of bolts 1.0
    (b) - 1 row of bolts 0.0

    For single angles, the slenderness is calculated for the geometric axes, a-a and b-b as well as the weak v-v axis.  The effective lengths of the geometric axes are defined as:

    La = KY * KY

    Lb = KZ * LZ

    The slenderness calculated for the v-v axis is then used to calculate the compression strength pc for the weaker principal axis (z-z for ST angles or y-y for RA specified angles).  The maximum slenderness of the a-a and b-b axes is used to calculate the compression strength pc for the stronger principal axis.

    Alternatively for single angles where the connection is not known or Table 25 is not appropriate, by setting the LEG parameter to 10, slenderness is calculated for the two principal axes y-y and z-z only.  The LVV parameter is not used.

    For double angles, the LVV parameter is available to comply with note 5 in table 25. In addition, if using double angles from user tables, ( G.6.3 User-Provided Steel Table ) an eleventh value, rvv, should be supplied at the end of the ten existing values corresponding to the radius of gyration of the single angle making up the pair.

  2. BEAM

    Ensure that this parameter is set to either 1 or 2 while performing code checking for members susceptible to Lateral - Torsional Buckling.

    Table 3. Values for the CMM Parameter
    CMM Value Loading and Support Conditions
  3. Checking beam deflection

    With the TRACK parameter set to 4, the members included in a CHECK CODE command will be checked for the local axis deflection rather than for the stress capacity using the current LOAD LIST.

    If both stress capacity and deflection checks are required, then 2 parameter blocks with code checks are required, one with a TRACK 4 command and one with a TRACK 0, 1, or 2, thus:

    LOAD LIST 1 TO 10
    CODE EN 1993
    LOAD LIST 100 TO 110
    DFF 300 MEMB 1
    DJ1 1 MEMB 1
    DJ2 4 MEMB 1
    Note: While both sets of code checks will be reported in the output file, only the last code check results are reported in the GUI.