# Horizontal

Ribbon: Geometry
 Setting Description Lines Line Between Points Line To Element Simple Line to Element Spiral Line to Element Curve Line to Element By Angle to Element Line to Element Line Between Arcs Line From Element Simple Line From Element Spiral Line From Element Curve Line From Element By Angle From Element Line From Element Chamfer Between Points Line Between Points - Creates a line between two user defined points. Constructs a line at a skew to a reference element Simple Line to Element - Creates a line with a spiral transition to another element at zero degrees skew angle, applicable only when the To element is a curve, Offset locked at zero. Curve Line to Element - Creates a line with an arc transition to another element at zero degrees skew angle, applicable only when the To element is a curve, Offset locked at zero. By Angle to Element - Creates a line without any transition at user defined skew angle, Offset locked at zero. Line to Element - Constructs a line at a skew to a reference element. Line Between Arcs - Constructs a line between two previously placed arcs. Simple Line From Element - Creates a line without any transition from another element at zero degrees skew angle, Applicable only when the From element is a curve, Offset locked at zero. Creates a line with a spiral transition from another element at zero degrees skew angle, applicable only when the From element is a curve, Offset locked at zero. Curve Line From Element - Creates a line with an arc transition from another element at zero degrees skew angle, applicable only when the From element is a curve, Offset locked at zero. By Angle From Element - Creates a line without any transition from another element at a skew angle you define, Offset locked at zero. Line From Element - Constructs a line at a skew from a base element. Chamfer Between Points - Planes a corner, example, it alters an existing intersection by inserting a line between the elements. Arcs Circle Arc Between Points Arc to Element Simple Arc to Element 2 Center Arc to Element Spiral Arc to Element Reverse Spiral Arc to Element Arc to Element Arc Between Arcs Arc From Element Simple Arc From Element 2 Center Arc From Element Spiral Arc From Element Reverse Spiral Arc From Element Arc From Element Arc Between Elements Simple Arc Spiral Arc Spiral Taper Arc Taper 3 Center Arc 2 Center Arc Arc Between Elements Complex Transition Between Any Element and Arc Circle - Draws a circle. Arc Between Points - Creates an arc between points. Simple Arc to Element - Creates a simple radius arc without any transition to another element, Offset locked at zero. 2 Center Arc to Element - Creates an arc with an arc transition to another element, Offset locked at zero. Spiral Arc to Element - Creates an arc with a spiral transition to another element, Offset locked at zero. Reverse Spiral Arc to Element - Creates an arc with a reverse spiral transition to another element, applicable only when the To element is a curve of opposite hand, Offset locked at zero. Arc to Element - Constructs an arc based on a selected base element which controls tangency at one end. Arc Between Arcs - Constructs an arc between two previously placed arcs. This tool has the ability to optionally apply both a back and/or forward transition between the base arcs and the constructed arc. Simple Arc from Element - Constructs an arc based on a selected base element which controls tangency at one end. 2 Center Arc From Element - Creates an arc with an arc transition from another element, Offset locked at zero. Spiral Arc From Element - Creates an arc with a spiral transition from another element, Offset locked at zero. Reverse Spiral Arc From Element - Creates an arc with a reverse spiral transition to another element, applicable only when the From element is a curve of opposite hand, Offset locked at zero. Arc From Element - Constructs an arc based on a selected base element that controls tangency at one end. Simple Arc - Creates a radius arc without spirals or tapers at both ends, Offsets locked at zero. Spiral Arc Spiral - Creates a radius arc with spiral transitions but no tapers at both ends, Offsets locked at zero. Taper Arc Taper - Creates a radius arc with tapers but no transitions at both ends, Offsets locked at zero. 3 Center Arc - Creates a radius arc with radius transitions at both ends, result is a three centered curve, Offsets locked at zero. 2 Center Arc - Creates a radius arc with radius transitions at one end, result is a two centered curve, Offsets locked at zero. Arc Between Elements - Constructs an arc between two previously placed elements. Point Point - Constructs a civil point element. Equal Space Points - Inserts a specified number of points, points at a defined interval, or a combination of both into the View. Offsets and Tapers Single Offset Entire Element Single Offset Partial Variable Offset Taper Ratio Offset Taper Single Offset Entire Element - Offsets the selected element by a constant value along the entire length Single Offset Partial - Offsets the selected element by a constant value along a user selected station range Variable Offset Taper - Offsets the selected element by a variable amount along a user selected station range Ratio Offset Taper - Offsets the selected element by a ratio along a user selected station range Reverse Curves Reverse Curve by Angle Reverse Curve by Radii Ratio Reverse Curve by Tangent Line at Angle Reverse Transition Reverse Curve by Angle - Constructs reverse curves between previously drawn elements. Reverse Curve by Radii Ratio - Creates a reverse curve where the second curve radius is a ratio of the first curve radius. Offsets locked at zero. Reverse Curve by Tangent - Creates a reverse curve where the two radii are equal and you may specify a tangent length between the curves, Offsets locked at zero. Line at Angle - Creates a simple linear element at a deflection angle measured from the first picked element, Offsets locked at zero. Reverse Transition - Constructs reverse curves between previously drawn elements with an optional tangent length between the two curves. Spirals Spiral From Element - Constructs a spiral from a previously placed element, using this base element to determine tangency at one end. Spiral Between Elements - Constructs a spiral (or spirals) between two base elements that determine tangency. Modify Start Station - Assigns stationing to an element. Add Station - Defines a station equation at a designated location on an element. Copy Element - The Copy Element tool creates a new instance of visible geometry only. Insert Fillet - Inserts a curve into a previously created element. Append Element - Constructs a complex element by appending additional elements in a previously established complex element. Complex Geometry Complex by Element - Constructs a complex element of previously placed elements by joining them in sequence. Complex by PI - Creates a linear element with curves based on user input of PI (point of intersection) locations. The curves can include transitions or set the radius to zero for no curves at the PI. Complex by Redefine - Replicates an element at a specified distance from the original. Define by Best Fit - Constructs an element that best fits a course defined by a selected linear object. Create Geometry by Template - Used to access the Pick Template dialog then insert the chosen template into the drawing relative to a reference element. Any point in the template, whose feature definition is set to create geometry, will produce offset element constructions at the template defined offset.