Azimuthal Equal Area
Also known as the Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection and presented by him in 1772 in his famous Beitrage collection.
While this projection is equal-area, created with this feature in mind, it is not a perspective projection. Used mainly on maps of the hemispheres and for world maps. The USGS has used this projection for a series of maps of the Pacific Ocean and National Geographic for its maps of the Moon.